You are reporting a case. You want to confirm the anatomy of a particular region. You try a Google search “XYZ region normal anatomy” and are lost in the umpteen irrelevant / paid pages. Or you end up with a file in your “Downloads” folder, which you have no idea what to do with! All you do is end up wasting time. I did the same as a resident.
The solution? I compiled all the relevant and FREE anatomy modules on one page for quick reference so that you do not have to go through the same ordeal!
Radiological anatomy is crucial for radiologists and forms the base for learning radiology. In their first year, residents should be well versed with normal radiographs, ultrasound, and CT anatomy followed by MRI in the consequent years. I have found the following websites quite useful for learning normal imaging anatomy and would recommend residents go through these. Also, these are very useful for students appearing for the anatomy module of the FRCR.
We have now updated the page with more than 20 normal radiological anatomy videos for different body parts. Also, there are videos for the basics of MRI sequences which will be beneficial for residents starting with their MR rotations.
Head-to-Toe Normal Radiological Anatomy Modules
– Hip Xray
Head CT (including skull base)
Bony Skull Base
– Axial CT
Facial bones 3D:
Click here for detailed instructions for ImagingAnatomy. These links are best viewed on Google Chrome.
Press ‘Ctrl+D’ (Windows)/ ‘⌘ +D’ (Mac users) to bookmark this page. On mobile devices, use the Bookmark 🔖 option in your browser settings.
Headneckbrainspine.com Anatomy Modules
Update: “Since Adobe no longer supports Flash Player after December 31, 2020, and blocked Flash content from running in Flash Player beginning January 12, 2021, Adobe strongly recommends all users immediately uninstall Flash Player to help protect their systems” – Adobe.com
Update 2: The domain name for the headneckbrainspine has expired and it cannot be accessed.
Update 3: There is a workaround to use these anatomy modules on desktops computers. Click here to know how can you view HNBS anatomy modules.
Due to this recent change, the anatomy modules WILL NOT work on Internet Explorer or Chrome using the methods described below.
I will update this section if there is any new development.
Headneckbrainspine.com is an excellent resource for anatomy but it does not run on many devices and browsers, including Chrome. Also, it has been reported to be down a few times. These modules WILL not run on android and iOS mobile devices and iPads.
I can’t access headneckbrainspine.com anatomy modules. What are the solutions and alternatives?
Currently, no solutions are available. I shall update if I come to know anything. Let me know in the comments below if you know of one!
Radiological Anatomy Reference Books
- Weir & Abrahams’ Imaging Atlas of Human Anatomy
- An excellent text to start off during the first year.
- Covers radiography and cross-section anatomy as well.
- Pocket Atlas of Sectional Anatomy
- Three volumes covering imaging anatomy
- A good book to refer to when you are reporting CT and MR
- All images are accompanied by line diagrams which makes it easy to understand.
- Applied Radiological Anatomy and Anatomy for Diagnostic Imaging – Ryan
- Concise books for anatomy.
- These are textbooks than atlases.
- Recommended for the FRCR by a few radiologists.
- Applied Radiological Anatomy- Butler
Radiological Anatomy Video Tutorials
- Chest X-ray
- Abdominal Radiograph
- Ultrasound abdomen
- Head CT Normal Anatomy and Introduction
- Temporal Bone CT and MRI
- Paranasal Sinuses
- Suprahyoid neck
- CT head and neck angiography
- Neck Nodes Levels
- CT Thorax Normal Radiological Anatomy Tutorial:
- CT Abdomen
- MRI Brain
- Cervical Spine MRI
- MRI Knee
- MRI Shoulder
- MRI Ankle
- MRI Elbow
- MRI Wrist
- MRI Hip
- Bonus Videos: MRI Basic Sequences
- Body MRI Sequences
Head CT Normal Anatomy and Introduction
Temporal Bone CT and MRI
CT head and neck angiography
Neck Nodes Levels
CT Thorax Normal Radiological Anatomy Tutorial:
Cervical Spine MRI
Also refer to this article: MRI evaluation of Ankle
Bonus Videos: MRI Basic Sequences
Body MRI Sequences
Useful Online References for Radiological Anatomy:
All credit goes to the original content creators for putting in all the hard work. I have only made it convenient for all of us. Feel free to request/suggest additional anatomy modules here.
- Radiology Masterclass: a Very good resource for students starting their radiology residency.
- University of Washington: Not only do they cover MSK radiological anatomy, they have an extensive library of MSK resources.
- Imaios E-Anatomy: They have excellent illustrations for all modalities and systems. However, most of the content requires a premium membership.
- Headneckbrainspine.com: an excellent website which has detailed anatomy pertaining to the head and neck and has nearly 500 CT/ MR cases with a short description of each case.
- Frietsrad:: Detailed MSK MRI anatomy.
- Standford MSK MRI: Interestingly the site is called xrayhead.com! Illustrations are good but not as good as Frietsrad.
- Imaging Anatomy: I have discovered this one recently, but this is the best of the lot! It has excellent anatomy modules in 3D MPR format. All their modules have options to display the label by default and on mouse over as well. Just like you would view on any imaging workstation. It also has a unique module for Ultrasound knobology which a newly joined radiology residents would find useful.
- W- Radiology: Although they have fewer illustrations for their images, they cover almost all systems.
- Seattle Children’s Hospital – Radiology Atlases
- Cross-section Tutorials: An old website but covers most of the systems
- ASKMSK.in: Detailed MRI and X-Ray anatomy modules compiled by Dr. Dr. Ameya S. Kawthalkar
- Radiopedia: Probably the most accessed radiology reference website. They have an anatomy section as well, however, most of it is plain text and very few illustrations currently. Hence it features lower down on the list: