A good radiologist needs to first be a good anatomist!
Radiological anatomy is crucial for radiologists and forms the base for learning radiology. In their first year, residents should be well versed with normal radiographs, ultrasound and CT anatomy followed by MRI in the consequent years. I have found the following websites quite useful for learning normal imaging anatomy and would recommend residents to go through these. Also, these are very useful for students appearing for the anatomy module of the FRCR.
We have now updated the page with more than 20 normal radiological anatomy videos for different body parts. Also, there are videos for the basics of MRI sequences which will be beneficial for residents starting with their MR rotations.
All credit goes the original content creators for putting in all the hard work. I would try to add my own anatomy content if anyone needs something specific. Feel free to request here.
Head-to-Toe normal radiological anatomy modules:
You will need flash to open a few of these web pages. Detailed instructions are available in the videos here and here. These links are best viewed on Google Chrome with Adobe Flash installed. Sometimes the modules at headneckbrainspine.com will get downloaded instead of playing, in such a situation try opening the website in another browser. Press ‘Ctrl+D’ (Windows)/ ‘⌘ +D’ (Mac users) to bookmark this page.
- Brain 2
- MR angiography
- Cranial nerves on CISS/ DRIVE 3D MR sequence
- Neck spaces MRI anatomy
- MRI neck Anatomy
- Cervical Spine MR
- Lumbar Spine MRI
- Female Pelvis
- Male Pelvis
Headneckbrainspine.com is an excellent resource for anatomy but it does not run on many devices and browsers, including Chrome. Also, it has been reported to be downs. We have updated links for the same and you can still access anatomy modules from headneckbrainspine.com.
I can’t access headneckbrainspine.com anatomy modules. What are the solutions and alternatives?
- If the website is down, you can access the modules from this page.
- Make sure you have enabled flash for the page.
- Use internet explorer (until it ceases to exist)
- Use Safari if using a MacBook.
- Use Flash Embed plugin for chrome. Head to the plugin page and click “Add to chrome” and you will be able to view the anatomy modules at headneckbrainspine.com in your chrome browser.
Radiological Anatomy Reference Books
- Weir & Abrahams' Imaging Atlas of Human Anatomy
- Excellent text to start off during the first year.
- Covers radiography and cross-section anatomy as well.
- Pocket Atlas of Sectional Anatomy
- Three volumes covering imaging anatomy
- A good book to refer to when you are reporting CT and MR
- All images are accompanied by line diagrams which makes it easy to understand.
- Applied Radiological Anatomy and Anatomy for Diagnostic Imaging – Ryan
- Concise books for anatomy.
- These are textbooks than atlases.
- Recommended for the FRCR by a few radiologists.
- Applied Radiological Anatomy- Butler
Radiological Anatomy video collection:
Chest X-ray normal anatomy video:
Abdominal radiograph X-ray normal anatomy video:
Ultrasound abdomen normal anatomy video:
Head CT Normal Anatomy and introduction video:
Skull base CT normal anatomy with imaging of skull base foramina video:
Temporal Bone normal radiological anatomy CT and MRI video by Dr. Harnsberger:
Paranasal sinuses radiological anatomy video – Part 1:
Paranasal sinuses radiological anatomy video – Part 2:
Radiological Anatomy of the Suprahyoid neck video by Dr. Harnsberger:
CT angiography radiological anatomy of the head and neck video:
Neck nodes levels imaging anatomy explained:
CT Thorax normal radiological anatomy video:
CT abdomen normal radiological anatomy video:
MRI brain radiological anatomy video:
Cervical spine MRI imaging introduction:
MRI Knee normal radiological anatomy video:
MRI Shoulder normal radiological anatomy video:
MRI Ankle normal radiological anatomy video:
Also refer to this article: MRI evaluation of Ankle
MRI Elbow normal radiological anatomy video:
MRI Wrist normal radiological anatomy video:
MRI Hip normal radiological anatomy videos:
Bonus videos: MRI basic sequences explained Brain MRI sequences video:
Body MRI sequences:
Useful online references for radiological anatomy:
- Radiology Masterclass: a Very good resource for students starting their radiology residency.
- University of Washington: Not only do they cover MSK radiological anatomy, they have an extensive library of MSK resources.
- Imaios E-Anatomy: They have excellent illustrations for all modalities and systems. However, most of the content requires premium membership.
- Headneckbrainspine.com: an excellent website which has detailed anatomy pertaining to the head and neck and has nearly 500 CT/ MR cases with a short description of each case.
- Frietsrad:: Detailed MSK MRI anatomy.
- Standford MSK MRI: Interestingly the site is called xrayhead.com! Illustrations are good but not as good as Frietsrad.
- Imaging Anatomy: I have discovered this one recently, but this is the best of the lot! It has excellent anatomy modules in 3D MPR format. All their modules have options to display the label by default and on mouse over as well. Just like you would view on any imaging workstation. It also has a unique module for Ultrasound knobology which a newly joined radiology residents would find useful.
- W- Radiology: Although they have fewer illustrations for their images, they cover almost all systems.
- Seattle Children’s Hospital – Radiology Atlases
- Cross-section Tutorials: An old website but covers most of the systems
- Wayne University radiologic anatomy: Another old website but useful for sure.
- Radiopedia: Probably the most accessed radiology reference website. They have an anatomy section as well, however, most of it is plain text and very few illustrations currently. Hence it features lower down on the list: